Impact of Resistance Training on Untrained Adolescence and children Upper body Strength: A Meta-Analysis

Mariam Ahmad Abu-Alim



The purpose of this meta-analysis is to indicate the effect of resistance training protocols regarding duration and frequency on specific upper body strength, on children and adolescents. Studies investigating the effects of resistance training programs and used the bench press test as an assessment of upper body strength were analyzed. Twenty-three effect sizes were calculated in sub-groups by gender, age group (adolescents 11 to 15, childhood 8 to 10 years old), and training protocol (duration, frequency).  A total of 691 participants were included in the analysis. This meta-analysis showed that females’ upper body strength is significantly affected more than males by the resistance training program. Also, the results demonstrate that two training sessions per week are the most efficient method of strength gaining in the tested population. Indicative of the importance of resistance training earlier in the lifespan to assess motor development and enhance injury prevention especially in females.



التحليل التلوي لتأثير تدريبات المقاومة لدى المرحلة العمرية  للمراهقين والأطفال غير المدربين على القوة العضلة للأطراف العلوية "التحليل التلوي"



هدفت هذه الدراسة التحليلية إلى تحديد تأثير تدريبات المقاومة من حيث المده والتكرار على تنمية القوة العضلية للجزء العلوي من الجسم لدى الأطفال والمراهقين من كلا الجنسين. تضمنت هذه الدراسة تحليل نتائج الدراسات التي اجريت على تدريبات المقاومة واستخدمت اختبار الضغط للصدر لتقيم القوة العضلية للأطراف العليا، تم استخراج ثلاث وعشرين معامل تأثير وتقسيمه الى مجموعات فرعية - للجنس (ذكور واناث) وللمرحلة العمرية (11-15سنة مراهقين و 8-10 سنة أطفال) إضافة إلى طبيعة التدريبات المقاومة من حيث (المدة و التكرار). تضمنت عينة الدراسة 691 شخص. أظهرت نتائج هذه الدراسة التحليلية أن التدريبات المقاومة أثرت في القوة العضلية للأطراف العليا من الجسم لدى الاناث أكثر من الذكور. كما أظهرت النتائج أن وحدتنين تدريبيتين في الاسبوع من تدريبات المقاومة كانت أكثر تأثيراً على تنمية القوة العضلية للأطراف العليا من الجسم. وخلصت الدراسة إلى إبراز أهمية تدريبات المقاومة لحياة افضل ولدعم التطور الحركي والوقاية من الإصابات وبالأخص لدى الإناث.



المراهقين، أطفال، اختبار الضغط على البنش، للأطراف العليا للجسم، تمارين المقاومةadolescents, childhood, bench press test, upper extremity, meta-analysis, resistance training

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