قاعدة "الحكم بين الحكمين" عند المالكية وأثرها في الفقه الإسلامي دراسة تأصيلية تطبيقية

firas abdulhamid ASHAYEP

Abstract


 قاعدة "الحكم بين الحكمين" عند المالكية وأثرها في الفقه الإسلامي دراسة تأصيلية تطبيقية

 

فراس عبدالحميد أحمد الشايب[1]

 

ملخص

يتناول هذا البحث قاعدة "الحكم بين الحكمين"، والتي تعد أصلاً من أصول المذهب المالكي وقواعده، تفتقت عنها الذهنية المالكية للخروج من معضلة اعتبرها إمام الحرمين من غوامض مآخذ الأدلة الشرعية، وهي مسألة تقابل الأصلين أو تكافؤ الأدلة دون مرجح، وذلك فيما إذا تعارض دليلان عند المجتهد وعجز عن الترجيح ولم يجد دليلاً من موضع آخر وتحير، فجمهور الأصوليين والفقهاء اختلفوا فيما بينهم فمنهم من قال: بتساقط الأدلة، وبعضهم قال: بالتخيير بينها، وبعضهم قال: بالوقف، وبعضهم قال غير ذلك، إلا أن المالكية حكَّموا هذه القاعدة، والتي مبناها على إعطاء الفرع المتردد بين أصلين حكماً مشتركاً، وذلك عند تعارض الأدلة وعدم إمكان الترجيح بينها؛ وقد دعاهم إلى اتخاذ هذا المسلك: الاحتياط، وإعمال الأدلة وعدم إهمالها، فأعطوا للحكم الدائر بين هذين الأصلين حكماً منتزعاً منهما دون أن يمحَّض لأحدهما، وختم الباحث دراسته ببعض الفروع التطبيقية لهذا الأصل من باب تربية الملكة الأصولية والحس الاجتهادي، وربط الفروع بالأصول.

الكلمات الدالة: قاعدة أصولية، الحكم بين الحكمين، تقابل الأدلة، تطبيقات فقهية.

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Rule of "Judgment Between the Two Judgments" by the

Maalikis and its Impact on Islamic Jurisprudence View: A practical Fundamental Study

 

Firas Abdul Hamid Ahmed Al-Shayeb[2]

dr.falshayeb@gmail.com

 

Abstract

This study deals with the rule of "Judgment between the two judgments", which is originally from the origins of the Maliki doctrine and its rules, which resulted in the Malikian mentality out of a dilemma that the Imam Al-Harmain considered to be the mysterious sockets of Shariah evidence. A question that corresponds to the originals or the equivalence of evidence without a likelihood: While two guides contradict the mujtahid and the inability to gain weight and find no evidence from another place and be confused, the audience of fundamentalists and scholars differed among themselves, some of whom said: With evidence falling, some of them said: By choosing between them, and others said: By Alwaqaf, and some of them said otherwise. However, the Maalikis ruled this rule, which is based on giving the alternating branch between the two sources a common judgment, when the evidence contradicts and cannot be counted among them; and has called them to take this course: reserve, and the implementation of the evidence and not neglect, they give it to the ruling between these two origins ruling extracted from them without refuting one of them. The researcher concluded his study with some applied branches to this origin of the door of the breeding of the fundamentalist fundamentalism and sense of jurisprudence, and linking the branches of assets Raising the fundamentalism talent  and the sense of judgment.

Key Words: Fundamentalist rule, Judgment between the two Judgments, Corresponding evidence, Juristic applications.


 [1] كلية الشريعة والدراسات الإسلامية، جامعة اليرموك. 

 تاريخ تقديم البحث: 20/11/2019م.                                          تاريخ قبول البحث: 10/3/2020م .

© جميع حقوق النشر محفوظة لجامعة مؤتة، الكرك، المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية، 2022 م.

 

 [2] Faculty of Sharia and Islamic Studies, Yarmouk University.

   Received: 20/11/2019.                                                     Accepted: 10/3/2020.

© All rights reserved to Mutah University, Karak, Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, 2022.

 


Keywords


قاعدة أصولية، الحكم بين الحكمين، تقابل الأدلة، تطبيقات فقهية.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.35682/1351

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