Glazed and Painted Ayyubid/Mamluk Pottery Sherds Excavated from Al Rabbah, Jordan

Musallam R. Al-Rawahneh


This paper aims at an archaeological descriptive study of a collection of glazed and painted Ayyubid/ Mamluk pottery sherds. The samples were excavated from Al Rabbah southern Jordan. The pottery sherds were divided into four groups according to the glazing color and manufacture method, as follows: yellow glazed, brown glazed, green glazed, and painted cream pottery. chemical analysis examination of four samples was carried out for the first time; to identify and characterize their chemical composition, in addition to comparing them with the Ayyubid/ Mamluk pottery, which was found in some of the archaeological sites in Jordan. The study concludes, based on persuasive evidence provided by the results of the chemical analysis, that Al Rabbah pottery sherds have at least two different geographical sources. The first was external, indicating that the sherds were imported. The second was extracted from the surrounding area of Al Rabbah, which confirms that it was the product of local industry.


Al Rabbah, Ayyubid/Mamluk, glazed pottery, painted pottery, chemical analysis

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