أثر برنامج تعليميّ قائم على أنموذج ماير وسالوفي في تحسين مهارات الكتابة الإبداعيّة لدى طالبات الصّفّ السّابع واتّجاهاتهنّ نحوها

رشا محمد الحوراني, محمد فؤاد الحوامدة, كامل علي العتوم

Abstract


هدفت الدّراسة الكشف عن أثر برنامج تعليميّ قائم على أنموذج ماير وسالوفي في تنمية مهارات الكتابة الإبداعيّة لدى طالبات الصّفّ السّابع واتّجاهاتهنّ نحوها. وقد اختير أفراد الدّراسة بالطّريقة المتيسّرة من طالبات الصّفّ السّابع في المدرسة النّموذجيّة لجامعة اليرموك، ووزّعت مجموعتا الدّراسة عشوائيًّا فتكوّنت المجموعة التّجريبيّة من طالبات الشّعبة (أ) وعددهنّ (30) طالبة، فيما تكوّنت المجموعة الضّابطة من طالبات الشّعبة (ج) وعددهنّ (30) طالبة. ولتحقيق أهداف الدّراسة أُعدّ اختبار مهارات الكتابة الإبداعيّة، الّذي تكوّن من (26) سؤالًا، اشتملت على أربع مهارات للكتابة الإبداعيّة، وتضمّنت كلّ مهارة مجموعة من المؤشّرات الأدائيّة الدّالة عليها، وأعِدّ مقياس للاتّجاه، تضمّن (20) فقرة لقياس اتّجاه الطالبات نحو الكتابة الإبداعيّة، وجرى التحقّق من صدق الأداتين وثباتهما. وبعد إجراء الدّراسة وتطبيق الاختبار (قبليًّا وبعديًّا) جرى جمع البيانات وإجراء التّحليلات الإحصائيّة المناسبة، أظهرت نتائج الدّراسة وجود فرق ذي دلالة إحصائيّة عند مستوى الدّلالة الإحصائيّة (α= 0.05) بين الوسطين الحسابيّين للأداء البعديّ لأفراد الدّراسة على اختبار مهارات الكتابة الإبداعيّة مجتمعة، وعلى كلّ مهارة من مهارات اختبار مهارات الكتابة الإبداعيّة (الطّلاقة، والمرونة، والأصالة، والتّوسّع) منفردة، يعزى لمتغيّر المجموعة ولصالح أداء أفراد المجموعة التّجريبيّة الّتي خضع أفرادها للتّدريس باستخدام البرنامج التّعليميّ القائم على أنموذج ماير وسالوفي. وأظهرت النّتائج تأثيرًا (قويًّا جدًّا) للبرنامج التّعليميّ القائم على أنموذج ماير وسالوفي في اتّجاهات طالبات المجموعة التّجريبيّة نحو الكتابة الإبداعيّة. وعلى ضوء النّتائج خلُصت الدّراسة إلى مجموعة من التّوصيات، منها: دعوة القائمين على تعليم اللّغة العربيّة وتعلّمها إلى استخدام البرنامج التّعليميّ القائم على أنموذج ماير وسالوفي، في تدريس مهارات الكتابة الإبداعيّة.


Keywords


مهارات الكتابة الإبداعيّة، أنموذج ماير وسالوفي، الصّفّ السّابع الأساسيّ، الاتّجاهات.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.35682/1185

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