Determinants of Not Breastfeeding and Delaying the Early Initiation of Breastfeeding in Aqaba City, Jordan: A Cross-Sectional Study

ibrahim rajab dabbour



This study aimed to find out the determinants of not BF and delaying the EIBF in Aqaba city, Jordan. Determinants associated with not BF included the infant age ≤8th(OR:2.81;95% CI: 0.62-12.6),caesarean section ( OR:2.52;95% CI: 1.61-3.95),mother smoking (OR:3.33;95% CI: 1.90-5.84),placement of the baby in a separate room (OR:1.98; 95% CI: 1.17-3.36), delaying BF by >1 h (OR:2.29; 95% CI: 1.46-3.61)and mothers who used a pacifier (OR: 3.14;95% CI: 2.03-4.88).While, the significant factors of the delaying EIBF were the infant age ≤8th month (OR: 2.44; 95% CI: 0.57-10.4), cesarean section (OR: 2.28; 95% CI: 1.47-3.54),  formula feeding only (OR: 2.44; 95% CI: 1.50-3.98), mothers who used a pacifier (OR :0.49 (95% CI: 0.31-0.78) and  uninformed mothers regarding the importance of BF (OR: 1.85; 95% CI: 1.16-2.93). In conclusion, there is a distinct need for promotion of BF, to increase the initiation, the exclusiveness, and the extended duration of BF.




محددات عدم الرضاعة الطبيعية وتأخير البدء المبكر للرضاعة الطبيعية في مدينة العقبة، الأردن: دراسة مقطعية


هدفت هذه الدراسة إلى معرفة المحددات لعدم الرضاعة الطبيعية وتأخيرها بعد الولادة مباشرة في مدينة العقبة، الأردن. حيث تبين أن المحددات المؤثرة بعدم الرضاعة الطبيعية بقياس الانحدار اللوجستي الثنائي ونسبة الارجحية (odd ratio) بفاصل الثقة(CI) 95% هي: عمر الرضيع ≤8 أشهر (OR 2.81) والولادة القيصرية (OR:2.52) والأم المدخنة (OR:3.33) ووضع الطفل في غرفة منفصلة (OR: 1.98) والرضاعة الطبيعية بعد الساعة الاولى من الولادة (OR : 2.29) والأمهات الذين استخدموا اللهاية لأطفالهن (OR : 3.14)، بينما كانت العوامل المؤثرة لتأخير الرضاعة بعد الساعة الأولى من الولادة هي عمر الرضيع≤ 8 اشهر (OR: 2.44) والولادة القيصرية (OR: 2.28) والتغذية بتراكيب الحليب (OR: 2.44) والأمهات اللواتي استخدمن اللهاية لأطفالهن (OR: 0.49) والذين ليس لديهم معلومات عن الرضاعة الطبيعية (OR: 1.85). نستنتج بان هناك حاجة لتعزيز الرضاعة الطبيعية وذلك بزيادة تقديمها للطفل خلال الساعة الأولى من بعد الولادة وتشجيع الاستمرار بالرضاعة الطبيعية حصريا.



Breastfeeding,delaying the EIBF,formula feeding, Jordan. الرضاعة الطبيعية، تأخير البدء المبكر بالرضاعة الطبيعية، تراكيب حليب الأطفال، الأردن.

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